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How to Replace Garage Door Springs: A Step-by-Step Guide

garage door springs

Garage door springs are a critical component of any commercial garage door system, providing the necessary tension and support to allow doors to open and close smoothly and efficiently. However, over time, these springs can wear out or break, necessitating their replacement to ensure the safety and functionality of the garage door. While replacing garage door springs might seem like a straightforward DIY project, it involves significant risk and requires a precise understanding of the door's mechanics. In this guide, we'll explore the essential steps for replacing garage door springs, highlighting the differences between torsion and extension springs, and why, in many cases, enlisting professional assistance from reputable services like those found on our commercial garage door repair page is recommended.

Understanding Garage Door Springs

Garage door springs are indispensable to commercial garage doors, counterbalancing the door's weight to allow for effortless opening and closing. Two main types of garage door springs are used in commercial settings: torsion springs and extension springs.

  • Torsion Springs: Mounted above the garage door opening, torsion springs wind and unwind in a controlled motion to lift and lower the door. These springs are known for their efficiency and durability, making them suitable for heavier commercial doors. Understanding the mechanics behind torsion springs is crucial for proper maintenance and replacement, which can be further explored on our commercial overhead doors page.

  • Extension Springs: These are located on either side of the door, stretching and contracting to facilitate the door's movement. While extension springs are more commonly found in residential settings, they're also used in lighter commercial doors. Due to their design, extension springs require careful handling to ensure safety and proper tension.

Recognizing the signs that your garage door springs need replacement is vital for maintaining the safety and functionality of your commercial space. Common indicators include the door not opening or closing correctly, unusual operating noises, and visible wear or damage to the springs. Regular inspections and maintenance, detailed on our commercial garage door installation and repair services page, can help identify these issues early on.

Preparing for Spring Replacement

Understanding the risks involved and the importance of safety precautions before attempting to replace garage door springs cannot be overstated. The high tension in garage door springs poses significant injury risks, making professional intervention a wise choice for most businesses. However, for those with the necessary technical skills and understanding, preparing adequately can help minimize these risks.

  • Safety Precautions: Always wear appropriate safety gear, including gloves and eye protection, and ensure the garage door is securely closed before beginning work. Disconnecting the electric opener to prevent unexpected activation is also crucial. More safety tips and guidelines are on our safety page.

  • Tools and Materials Needed: Gathering the right tools before starting the project is essential. Typical tools for spring replacement include winding bars, a wrench set, a socket set, and safety cables for extension springs. It's also necessary to purchase the correct type and size of springs for your specific door, which might involve consulting the door's manufacturer or a professional service.

  • Determining the Right Springs: Identifying the correct replacement springs requires knowing the door's weight, size, and the type of springs previously installed. This information helps ensure the new springs balance the door correctly, preventing premature wear and potential safety hazards. Consulting with those needing clarification annually, such as those listed on our commercial garage door suppliers page, can provide clarity and assurance for businesses unsure about the specifications.

Preparing for garage door spring replacement with a clear understanding of the process and safety measures in place is the first step toward a successful and safe repair. Whether choosing to proceed on your own or hiring a professional, the goal is to ensure your commercial garage door operates smoothly and safely for years.

Step-by-Step Guide to Replacing Torsion Springs

Replacing torsion springs on a commercial garage door involves several critical steps. It's essential to follow these steps carefully to ensure your safety and the proper functioning of your garage door:

  • Step 1: Securing the Garage Door in Place. Secure the door in the closed position using C-clamps or locking pliers on the track, preventing the door from unexpectedly opening.

  • Step 2: Unwinding the Old Torsion Spring. Insert winding bars into the winding cone holes, carefully unwinding the spring. This releases the tension in a controlled manner. Keep your head and body to the side of the winding bars to avoid injury if the bar slips.

  • Step 3: Detaching the Springs from the Central Bracket. After fully unwinding, disconnect the springs from the central bracket. This involves loosening the screws or bolts that hold the springs in place.

  • Step 4: Installing the New Torsion Spring. Slide the new torsion spring onto the tube, ensuring it's the correct size and type for your door. Attach the spring hardware and cable drum, then secure the torsion tube in the bearing.

  • Step 5: Winding the New Torsion Spring. Carefully wind the new spring using the winding bars, applying the correct number of turns as specified for your door's weight and size. This step requires precise tension adjustment to ensure balanced lifting.

  • Step 6: Testing the Garage Door Balance and Operation. After securing all components, carefully remove the clamps or locking pliers and slowly open the garage door halfway. If it stays in place, the balance is correct. Otherwise, adjust the spring tension as needed. Complete operation tests should be conducted to ensure smooth and safe functionality.

Step-by-Step Guide to Replacing Extension Springs

Replacing extension springs follows a different procedure due to their distinct mechanism and placement on the garage door system:

  • Step 1: Securing the Garage Door and Releasing Tension in the Springs. Open the garage door fully to release the spring tension and secure it using C-clamps or locking pliers on the tracks.

  • Step 2: Removing the Old Extension Springs. Disconnect the springs from the pulley and brackets, starting with the safety cable and then the spring itself. Handle the springs with care to avoid a sudden release of tension.

  • Step 3: Attaching the New Extension Springs. Install the new springs by attaching one end to the pulley system and the other to the door's bracket. Ensure the springs are the correct length and tension for your door.

  • Step 4: Adjusting the Tension on the New Springs. Once the new springs are in place, adjust the tension by changing the hook's position. Proper tension is crucial for balanced operation and safety.

  • Step 5: Testing the Garage Door's Functionality. Remove the C-clamps or locking pliers and carefully test the door's movement. It should open and close smoothly without excessive effort. Adjust the spring tension as necessary to achieve optimal performance.

Professional installation is strongly recommended considering the complexity and potential hazards professional installation is strongly recommended Our commercial garage door repair and installation services are equipped to handle these tasks safely and efficiently, ensuring the longevity and reliability of your commercial garage doors.

Post-Replacement Tips

garage door maintenance

After successfully replacing the garage door springs, maintaining them can extend their lifespan and ensure ongoing safe and efficient operation. Here are some tips for post-replacement care:

  • Regular Maintenance: Schedule regular inspections and maintenance checks for your garage door system. This includes tightening loose bolts and screws, lubricating moving parts, and checking for wear and tear. Our commercial garage door maintenance services provide comprehensive checks and tune-ups to keep your door in top condition.

  • Lubrication: Apply a silicone-based lubricant to the springs, rollers, and hinges at least twice a year. This reduces friction, prevents rust, and can significantly extend the life of your garage door components.

  • Balance Tests: Perform balance tests periodically by manually lifting the door halfway and observing if it stays in place. An unbalanced door can strain the opener and springs, leading to premature failure.

  • Professional Inspections: Even with diligent maintenance, having a professional inspect your garage door system annually can identify issues you might miss. Professionals can offer advice on when to replace components and how to ensure optimal performance.

Replacing Garage Door Springs Last Thoughts

Replacing garage door springs is a critical task that ensures the safety and functionality of your commercial garage door. Whether you're dealing with torsion or extension springs, understanding the replacement process and recognizing the importance of professional assistance cannot be overstated. By following the step-by-step guides provided and adhering to post-replacement maintenance tips, you can contribute to the longevity and reliability of your garage door system.

However, due to the risks and technical expertise required, we strongly recommend engaging professional services for spring replacement. Our team of experts at [company name] is always ready to provide safe, efficient, and reliable service. From commercial garage door installation to repair and maintenance, we ensure your garage doors operate smoothly and safely, supporting your business's needs.

Don't let a broken spring disrupt your business operations. Contact us today for professional garage door spring replacement and maintenance services. Visit our contact page to get in touch with our experienced team, or explore our service locations to find support near you. Trust us to keep your commercial garage doors in optimal condition year-round.

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Paratec Door Solutions is your one-stop source for commercial and residential overhead doors, dock levelers, automatic doors, gate operators, and much more.

6626 Orchid Lake Road
New Port Richey, Florida 34653
13654 N 12th St, Unit 01
Tampa, Florida 33612